Topel Forman News

Financial statements tell your business’s story, inside and out (February 6, 2019)

Feb 6, 2019

Today’s Business Tax Topic – February 6, 2019

Financial statements tell your business’s story, inside and out

Ask many entrepreneurs and small business owners to show you their financial statements and they’ll likely open a laptop and show you their bookkeeping software. Although tracking financial transactions is critical, spreadsheets aren’t financial statements.

In short, financial statements are detailed and carefully organized reports about the financial activities and overall position of a business. As any company evolves, it will likely encounter an increasing need to properly generate these reports to build credibility with outside parties, such as investors and lenders, and to make well-informed strategic decisions.

These are the typical components of financial statements:

Income statement. Also known as a profit and loss statement, the income statement shows revenues and expenses for a specified period. To help show which parts of the business are profitable (or not), it should carefully match revenues and expenses.

Balance sheet. This provides a snapshot of a company’s assets and liabilities. Assets are items of value, such as cash, accounts receivable, equipment and intellectual property. Liabilities are debts, such as accounts payable, payroll and lines of credit. The balance sheet also states the company’s net worth, which is calculated by subtracting total liabilities from total assets.

Cash flow statement. This shows how much cash a company generates for a particular period, which is a good indicator of how easily it can pay its bills. The statement details the net increase or decrease in cash as a result of operations, investment activities (such as property or equipment sales or purchases) and financing activities (such as taking out or repaying a loan).

Retained earnings/equity statement. Not always included, this statement shows how much a company’s net worth grew during a specified period. If the business is a corporation, the statement details what percentage of profits for that period the company distributed as dividends to its shareholders and what percentage it retained internally.

Notes to financial statements. Many if not most financial statements contain a supplementary report to provide additional details about the other sections. Some of these notes may take the form of disclosures that are required under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles — the most widely used set of accounting rules and standards. Others might include supporting calculations or written clarifications.

Financial statements tell the ongoing narrative of your company’s finances and profitability. Without them, you really can’t tell anyone — including yourself — precisely how well you’re doing. We can help you generate these reports to the highest standards and then use them to your best advantage.

© 2019

 

About Topel Forman

What makes our firm special

Contact Us

Reach out to Topel Forman

Services

Learn what we have to offer

If you have questions, please reach out to your Topel Forman contact.

 

About Topel Forman

What makes our firm special

News & Events

The latest news you need

Our People

Specialists in your industry

Related News Posts

Proposed Legislation: The Tax Relief for American Families and Workers Act of 2024

Proposed Legislation: The Tax Relief for American Families and Workers Act of 2024

On January 19, 2024, the Ways and Means Committee of the House of Representatives successfully propelled HR 7024 forward, known as the “Tax Relief for American Families and Workers Act of 2024.” The bill is the outcome of an agreement established earlier that week between the Ways and Means Committee’s Chairman Smith and the Senate Finance Committee’s Chairman Wyden.

read more
The standard business mileage rate will be going up slightly in 2024

The standard business mileage rate will be going up slightly in 2024

The optional standard mileage rate used to calculate the deductible cost of operating an automobile for business will be going up by 1.5 cents per mile in 2024. The IRS recently announced that the cents-per-mile rate for the business use of a car, van, pickup or panel truck will be 67 cents (up from 65.5 cents for 2023).

read more
Tax Planning: Charitable Giving

Tax Planning: Charitable Giving

Charity donation is one of the most flexible tax planning tools because taxpayers can generally control the timing, manner, and amount of their donations to meet their needs. For those charitably inclined, giving to charity provides not only the satisfaction of doing good but also valuable tax savings when leveraged properly.

read more